Trace India’s Insurance Timeline – When Did it Begin?

The first insurance company in India was the Oriental Life Insurance Company, which was founded in 1818. The company offered life insurance policies to Indian citizens. In the early 20th century, several other insurance companies were established in India, including the New India Assurance Company and the United Insurance Company.

These companies provided a variety of insurance products, such as fire, marine, and motor insurance.

When insurance started in India It is believed that the first form of insurance in India was introduced by the British during their rule. Insurance in India developed slowly but surely with the establishment of several indigenous Indian companies starting operations in the late 19th century.

The Oriental Life Insurance Company, founded in 1818, was the first life insurance company in India. General insurance followed suit with The Bombay Mutual Life Assurance Society Limited being established in 1870. Today, insurance is an integral part of our lives and there are a plethora of insurers operating in India catering to various needs and requirements.

However, it all started way back with just a few companies introducing this concept to our country.

History of Insurance

How Did Insurance Start in India?

In India, insurance has a long and rich history dating back to ancient times. The concept of insurance was first introduced in the country by foreign traders who came to India for trade. These traders would insure their goods against loss or damage during transit.

Over time, the Indian people began to adopt this practice and it became an integral part of the country’s culture. Today, insurance is a vital part of the Indian economy and plays a crucial role in protecting individuals, businesses and the government from financial losses. There are many different types of insurance available in India, ranging from life insurance to health insurance to property insurance.

Insurance companies in India are regulated by the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA), which was established in 1999.

When was Insurance Started?

Insurance is a contract between two parties, called the insurer and the policyholder. The insurer agrees to pay the policyholder a sum of money in exchange for the policyholder’s agreement to pay premiums to the insurer. The first insurance policies were written in England in the late 17th century.

The concept of insurance was introduced in England by Edward Lloyd, who opened a coffee house in London in 1688 where merchants and shipowners could obtain marine insurance. Lloyd’s Coffee House became so associated with shipping and insurance that “Lloyd’s of London” is still used today as a synonym for the insurance industry. In 1752, Benjamin Franklin founded America’s first insurance company, Philadelphia Contributionship for the Insurance of Houses from Loss by Fire.

It is still in business today and insures about one percent of all homes in Philadelphia.

What is the History of Development of Insurance in India?

The insurance sector in India has come a long way since it was opened up to private competition in 2000. The industry has grown significantly, both in terms of premiums and number of players. In FY18, the life insurance industry grew by 12.8% to Rs 3.15 trillion while the general insurance industry grew by 11.5% to Rs 1.31 trillion.

The number of players in the life insurance space increased from 24 to 53 and in the non-life space from 22 to 39 during this period1. The Indian insurance sector is currently going through a phase of rapid growth and transformation. The government’s initiatives such as Make in India, Digital India and Startup India are expected to provide a further boost to the sector.

The increase in foreign direct investment (FDI) limit from 26% to 49% is also likely to bring in more global insurers into the country, leading to increased competition, product innovations and better customer service2 . The history of development of insurance in India can be traced back to 1818 when Oriental Life Insurance Company was set up in Kolkata3 . However, it was only after the passing of the Insurance Act 1938 that regulation of the industry started taking shape4 .

Since then, there have been various milestones that have shaped the current state of affairs within Indian insurance including nationalisation of select insurers (LIC & GIC), opening up of the sector for private participation & entry of foreign insurers etc5 .

When was the First Insurance Act Passed in India?

The first insurance act in India was passed in 1912. It was called the Insurance Act, and it was designed to regulate the insurance industry in India. The act was amended several times over the years, but its basic purpose remains the same: to protect policyholders and ensure that insurers operate in a fair and transparent manner.

When Insurance Started in India


The First Insurance Company was Started in

The insurance industry has a long and storied history, dating all the way back to the early 18th century. The first insurance company was founded in Britain in 1710 by a man named Nicholas Barbon. Barbon’s company, called the “Insurance Office for Houses,” offered fire insurance to homeowners.

Barbon’s company was successful, and soon other insurance companies began popping up all over Europe. In the United States, the first insurance company was founded in Philadelphia in 1752. This company, called “The Insurance Company of North America,” offered marine insurance (insurance for ships and their cargo).

Today, there are thousands of insurance companies all over the world offering a variety of different types of coverage. The industry has come a long way since its humble beginnings, but its core purpose remains the same: to protect people from financial losses due to unforeseen events.

First Insurance Company in India 1818

In 1818, the first insurance company in India was established in Bombay. The company, called the Indian Insurance Company, was founded by a group of British merchants. The company offered fire and life insurance to its customers.

In its first year of operation, the company collected premiums totaling Rs. 1 lakh (100 thousand).

The Life Insurance Business in India was First Started in Which Year

The life insurance business in India was first started in the year 1818 by the British. The Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) was nationalized in the year 1956. Prior to that, it was a mutual life insurance company owned by its policyholders.


When insurance started in India, it was a very different industry. There were only a handful of companies and the government was the largest insurer. However, over time, the industry has changed and grown to be one of the most important industries in the country.

Today, there are many insurance companies operating in India and they offer a wide range of products to meet the needs of different customers. The insurance sector is highly regulated by the government and there are strict rules that insurers have to follow. This has resulted in a strong and stable industry that provides vital protection to policyholders.

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